Articles and papers
Adelson, Rachel. (Oct-Dec 2004). Universal Design: Opening every door. Inside MS. 22/4, 30-34. Doctoroff, Sandra. (Dec 2001). Adapting the physical environment to meet the needs of all young children for play. Early Childhood Education Journal. 29/2, 105-109.
Goltsman, Susan. (2001). Universal design in outdoor play areas. Chapter in Preiser, Wolfgang and Elaine Ostroff. (2001). Universal design handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional.
Mace, Ronald and James Mueller. (1998). The universal design file: Designing for people of all ages and abilities. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED460554
Covington, George and Bruce Hannah. (1993). Access by design. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Goldsmith, Selwyn. (2001). Universal design. Oxford: Architectural press.
Hardie, Graeme, Ron Mace, and Jaine P. Place. (1990). Accessible environments: Toward universal design. Raleigh: Center for Universal Design, NC State.
Lebovich, William L. (1993). Design for dignity: Studies in accessibility. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Mace, Ron, James Mueller and Molly Story. (1998). The Universal design file: Designing for people of all ages and abilities. Raleigh: Center for Universal Design, NC State. (Out of print: check your local library or used bookstore.)
Norman, Donald. (1988). The design of everyday things. New York: Basic Books, Inc.
Play and Learning in Adaptable Environments, Inc. (1994). Universal access to outdoor recreation: A design guide. Berkeley, CA: MIG Communications (Pocket guide version also available).
Preiser, Wolfgang and Elaine Ostroff. (2001). Universal design handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional.
University of Oregon examples of universal design and non-universal design.
(Photo courtesy of Fairfax County Park Foundation)