There are a variety of ways to make your playspace accessible and inviting for children and adults with visual impairments. By doing so, you will probably find your playspace is easier for everyone
Visual impairments are generally divided into two categories: blindness and low vision. Only 10-15% of people with visual impairments are clinically blind. The remainder of people experience very low vision.*
Post frequent, easy-to-locate signs in:
Keep your playspace bright and well-lit, so children and adults with low vision can see more easily.
Add auditory elements into your playspace:
Provide tactile stimulation:
All children, with and without visual impairments, can play together with these elements.
*Source: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (2006). An Educator's Guide to Visual Disabilities. http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/wp/access/visual.html
Read about a special playground at the Tennessee School for the Blind: http://www.tsb.k12tn.net/TSB/Friends%20Foundation/Playground/davidsonam.pdf
American Foundation for the Blind, http://www.afb.org/
Brown, Carla. General Considerations in Working with Young Children with Visual Impairments. Texas School for the Blind & Visually Impaired. http://www.tsbvi.edu/Education/ec-working-young-children.htm
Greenstein, Doreen. (1998). Caring for children with special needs: Visual impairments. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/fcs/pdfs/nc18.pdf
National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. (2004). Visual Impairments. Disability Fact Sheet, No. 13. http://www.nichcy.org/pubs/factshe/fs13.pdf
National Lekotek Center (2000). Play and the child with visual impairment. http://www.lekotek.org/pdfs/packets/Vision%20Packet.pdf
(Photo courtesy of the Free Play Network)