Children with cognitive impairments might have greater difficulty with one or more types of mental tasks than a peer who is typically developing. There are too many types of cognitive impairments to list here, each unique to the individual. Cognitive impairments can impact a child's memory, judgement, perception, planning, orientation, concentration, or attention.
Simple things can be done to support children with cognitive impairments in your playspace:
- Design for safety
- Include a variety of challenge levels in your playspace activity areas
- Be sure to have a variety of activities to hold attention
- Use color-coded pathways to support memory of areas within your playspace
Answers.com. (2006). Mental Retardation. http://www.answers.com/topic/mental-retardation
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2005). Intellectual Disability. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/dd/ddmr.htm
Learning Disabilities Association of America, http://www.ldaamerica.org/
National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. (2004). Mental Retardation.
National Down Syndrome Society, http://www.ndss.org/
(Photo courtesy of PlayWorld Systems)