Access to Play
Animal Play
Built Environment
Early Childhood Education
Nature Play
Play Deficit
Play Strategies

Access to Play

IKEA Play Report: International Summary of Research Results. Family Kids and Youth/ Research,

The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bond:
          Focus on Children in Poverty. Milteer, Regina M., Ginsburg, Kenneth R., et al.
          Pediatrics, The American Academy of Pediatrics, Volume 129, Number 1, Pages e204-e213, (2012).


Accessible play areas: a summary of accessibility guidelines for play areas          
            U.S. Access Board Summary and Accessibility Guidelines for Play Areas

Developing Accessible Play Space in the UK: A Social Model Approach
            Dunn, Karen & Moore, Michele
            Children, Youth and Environments 15(1), 2005

Animal Play

Juvenile survival and benefits of play behavior in brown bears, Ursus arctos.
            Fagen, Robert & Fagen, Johanna
            Evolutionary Ecology Research, 6: 89-102 (2004)

Play behavior and multi-year juvenile survival in free-ranging brown bears, Ursus arctos.
            Fagen, Robert & Fagen, Johanna
            Evolutionary Ecology Research, 11: 1-15 (2009)

Built Environment

Independent mobility, perceptions of the built environment and children’s participation in play, active travel
            and structured exercise and sport: the PEACH project.
            Page, Angie S., Cooper, Ashley R., Griew, Pippa, & Jago Russell.
            Internatonal Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7:17, (2010).

The built environment and children’s health.
            Cummings, Susan Kay & Jackson, Richard Joseph.
            Pediatrics Clinics of North America. Pages 1241-1252. (2001).

The Impact Of Parks And Open Spaces On Property Values (2007)
            John L. Crompton

The built environment: Designing communities to promote physical activity in children
            Committee on Environmental Health
            Pediatrics, The American Academy of Pediatrics, Volume 123, Number 6, Pages 1591-1598, (2009)

The role of built environments in physical activity, eating, and obesity in childhood
            Sallis, James F., Glanz, Karen
            The Future of Children, Volume 16, Number 1, Pages 89-108, (2006)

Early Childhood Education

Baltimore district tackles high suspension rates
            Maxwell, L.A.
            Education Week, (2007)

Crisis in the kindergarten: Why children need play in school
            Miller, Edward & Almon, Joan
            Alliance for Childhood, (2009)

From play to literacy: implications for the classroom
            Wilford, Sara
            Sarah Lawrence College, Child Development Institute, (2000)

Open Pandora’s box: curiosity and imagination in the classroom
            Engel, Susan
            Sarah Lawrence College, Child Development Institute, (2006)

Resurrecting free play in young children: Looking beyond fitness and fatness to attention, affiliation, and
            Burdette, Hillary L. & Whitaker, Robert C.
            Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, Volume 159, Number 1, Pages 46-50, (2005)

The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent child bonds
            Ginsburg, Kenneth R.
            Pediatrics, The American Academy of Pediatrics, Volume 119, Number 1, (2007)

Zero to six: Electronic media in the lives of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers
            Rideout, Victor J., Vandewater, Elizabeth A., & Wartella, Ellen A.
            The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, (2003)


Balance: 2007 end of year report
            Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Battling childhood obesity in the US: An interview with Robert Wood Johnson’s CEO
            Miller, Matt & Taliento, Lynn  
            The McKinsey Quarterly, (2009)

Building “generation play”: Addressing the crisis of inactivity among America’s children
            Stanford University, School of Medicine

Calories in, calories out: Food and exercise in public elementary schools
Institute of education sciences

Couch kids:  the nation’s future
            British Heart Foundation

F as in fat: How obesity policies are failing in America 2008
            Levi, Jeffrey, Vinter, Serena, St. Laurent, Rebecca, & Segal, Laura M.
            The Trust for America’s Health & The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, (2008)

 Get off the sofa and go and play: Family and socioeconomic influences on the physical activity of 10-11
            year old children
            Brockman, Rowan, Jago, Russell, Fox, Kenneth R., Thompson, Janice L., Cartwright, Kim, &  Page,
            Angie S.
            BMC Public Health, 9:253, (2009)

Green neighborhoods, food retail and childhood overweight: Differences by population density
            Lui, Gilbert C., Wilson, Jeffrey S., Qi, Rong, & Ying, Jun
            The Science of Health Promotion, Volume 21, Number 4, (2007)

A holistic approach to health and safety

The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds
           Ginsburg, Kenneth R.
           Pediatrics, The American Academy of Pediatrics. Volume119, Number 1, (2007)

Local government actions to prevent childhood obesity.
           The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, (2009)

Neighborhood safety and overweight status in children
           Lumeng, Julie C., Appugliese, Danielle, Cabral, Howard J., Bradley, Robert H., & Zuckerman, Barry
           Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, Volume 160, (2006)

Overview of the IOM’s Childhood Obesity Prevention Study. Sept. 2004. The Institute of Medicine.  (2009)

Parks Playground and Active Living. Active Living Research, 2010.

Park Use and Physical Activity in a Sample of Public Parks in the City of Los Angeles.
           Cohen, Deborah, Amber Sehgal, Stephanie Williamson, Roland Sturm, Thomas L. McKenzie,
           Rosa Lara, and Nicole Lurie, RAND Corporation, TR-357-HLTH, 2006, 103 pp.

Pediatrics:  The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds (2006)

Physical activity guidelines for Americans
           U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Research Quarterly for Exercise and sport (2010)

State Indicator Report on Physical Activity 2010
           Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and
           Human Services, 2010.

The VERB campaign
           Collins, Janet L. & Wechsler, Howell
           The American Journal of Preventative Medicine, Volume 34, Issue 6, Pages S171-S172, (2008)

Year Four Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003 to Combat Childhood Obesity Evaluation (2008)


Breaking New Ground: Using the Internet to Scale
           Fulton, Katherine & Grant, Heather M., Monitor Institute, 2010.

Pediatricians on the Importance of Play: Access To Quality Playspaces Fosters Healthy Childhood
           Harris Interactive Poll, Commissioned by KaBOOM! (2005)

Play Matters: A study of best practices to inform local policy and process in support of children’s play
           KaBOOM (2009)

Playground Use in the U.S.
           Gallup Study, Commissioned KaBOOM! and The Home Depot (2003)

Nature Play

Call to activity: getting kids moving in the great outdoors
           U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Creating and retrofitting play environments: Best practices guidelines
           PlayCore, Inc. & NC State University, College of Design, Natural Learning Initiative (2009)

Girls who play in dirt, mud grow up healthier, says researcher (2011)

Great outdoors America
           The Outdoor Resources Review Group, Resources for the Future

Kids dig dirt! Green paper
           The Association of Children’s Museums

Safety, growth, and equity: Parks and open space
           Raya, Richard & Rubin, Victor
           PolicyLink, (2006)

Play Deficit

Building "Generation Play": Addressing the Crisis of Inactivity Among America's Children
           Stanford University

Changes in children’s time with parents, U.S. 1981-1997
           Sandberg, John F. & Hofferth, Sandra L.
           University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Population Studies Center, Report No. 01-475,

Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8-18 Year Olds.
           Rideout, Victoria J., Foehr, Ulla G., & Roberts, Donald F. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2010.

I wish the kids didn’t watch so much TV: out of school time in three low income communities
           Miller, B., O’Connor, S. Sirignano, S.W., & Joshi, P.
           Wellesley College, Center for Research on Women, (1997)

State Indicator Report on Physical Activity (2010)
           Center for Disease control and Prevention

Play Strategies

Changes in Children's Time with Parents, U.S. 1981-1997 (2001)
           John F. Sandberg, and Sandra L. Hofferth

The economics of early childhood policy: What the dismal science has to say about investing in children.
           M. Rebecca Kilburn, Lynn A. Karoly

New Report Shows School District Wellness Policies Fail to Provide Strong Guidelines (2010)
           Chriqui JF, Schneider L, Chaloupka FJ, Gourdet C, Bruursema A, Ide K and Pugach O

H.R. 2045/S. 866, The No Child Left Inside Act of 2009. The Library of Congress.

The Outdoor Classroom: “No Child Left Inside”
           Eric Nelson

H.R. 2045/S.651, the PLAY Every Day Act. The Library of Congress.

Planning for play: Guidance on the development and implementation of a local play strategy
           The Big Lottery Fund & The Children’s Play Council

Play for a change
           Lester, Stuart & Russell, Wendy
           University of Gloucestershire, (2008)

Play Matters: A study of best practices to inform local policy and process in support of children’s play
           KaBOOM (2009)

The role of pretend play in children’s cognitive development  (2002)


An Annotated Bibliography of Nature Play
           Green Hearts

Availability of physical activity-related facilities and neighborhood demographic and socioeconomic
           characteristics: A national study
           Powell, Lisa M., Slater, Sandy, Chaloupka, Frank J., & Harper, Deborah
           The American Journal of Public Health,Volume 96, Number 9, (2006)

Containing children: some lessons on planning for play from New York City
           Hart, Roger
           Environment and Urbanization, Vol. 14, No. 2, 135-148 (2002)

Designing for active living among children (2007)
           Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

KaBOOM! and the Home Depot commission first Gallup survey on playground use in the United States 
           KaBOOM! (2003)

Kids ‘n safe play: regulations, litigation, and playground safety.
           Widman, A. (2008)

Park safety and physical activity
           The Trust for Public Land.

Playground Use in the U.S.
           Gallup Study, Commissioned KaBOOM! and The Home Depot (2003)

Playing it safe: The sixth nationwide safety survey of public playgrounds
           Weintraub, Rachel & Cassady, Alison
           The U.S. Public Interest Research Group Education Fund & The Consumer Federation of America,


The benefits of play and playwork
           Manwaring, Beth & Taylor, Chris
           The Community and Youth Workers’ Union & SkillsActive, (2006)

The impact of out of school care: A qualitative study examining the views of children, families and
           Barker, John, Smith, Fiona, Morrow, Virginia, Weller, Susie, Hey, Valerie, &   Harwin, Judith
           Department for Education and Skills, Research Report RR446, (2003)

Lessons learnt from disaster: Play work and creative arts
           Joe L. Frost


Assessing recess: Growing concerns about shrinking play time in schools
           The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Recess- It’s indispensable (2009)
           Young Children

Recess rules: why the undervalued playtime may be America’s best investment for healthy kids and
           healthy schools
           The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

School recess and group classroom behavior
           Barros, Romina M., Silver, Ellen J., & Stein, Ruth E.K.
           Pediatrics, The American Academy of Pediatrics, Volume 123, Number 2, Pages 431- 436, (2009)

The State of Play: Gallup Survey of Principals on School Recess
           Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2010.

Time out: is recess in danger?
           Barth, Patte
           The Center for Public Education, (2008)